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Men, muscles, and mood: the relationship between self-concept, dysphoria, and body image disturbances.
Eat Behav. 2009 Jan; 10(1):68-70.EB

Abstract

Beginning in the early 1990s investigations into the body image concerns of men have increased, and this study adds to extant research by examining correlates of more general body dissatisfaction (BD) and symptoms of muscle dysmorphia (MD) in particular. Three hundred four undergraduate men completed a broad-based symptom inventory, a self-concept questionnaire, and an instrument that assessed problematic body image, eating, and exercise patterns as well as specific symptoms of MD. Multiple regression analyses suggest that lower ratings of overall self-concept and higher levels of depression, anxiety, and interpersonal sensitivity are predictive of body image concerns in men. Furthermore, these variables accounted for almost twice the variance in general BD than they did for specific symptoms of MD. In addition, anorexic and bulimic behaviors, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and risk factors for interpersonal problems were also associated with symptoms of MD, even when BD was controlled.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of North Texas, United States. mmcfarland@unt.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19171324

Citation

McFarland, Michael B., and Patricia L. Kaminski. "Men, Muscles, and Mood: the Relationship Between Self-concept, Dysphoria, and Body Image Disturbances." Eating Behaviors, vol. 10, no. 1, 2009, pp. 68-70.
McFarland MB, Kaminski PL. Men, muscles, and mood: the relationship between self-concept, dysphoria, and body image disturbances. Eat Behav. 2009;10(1):68-70.
McFarland, M. B., & Kaminski, P. L. (2009). Men, muscles, and mood: the relationship between self-concept, dysphoria, and body image disturbances. Eating Behaviors, 10(1), 68-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2008.10.007
McFarland MB, Kaminski PL. Men, Muscles, and Mood: the Relationship Between Self-concept, Dysphoria, and Body Image Disturbances. Eat Behav. 2009;10(1):68-70. PubMed PMID: 19171324.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Men, muscles, and mood: the relationship between self-concept, dysphoria, and body image disturbances. AU - McFarland,Michael B, AU - Kaminski,Patricia L, Y1 - 2008/10/28/ PY - 2008/03/26/received PY - 2008/09/24/revised PY - 2008/10/21/accepted PY - 2009/1/28/entrez PY - 2009/1/28/pubmed PY - 2009/6/26/medline SP - 68 EP - 70 JF - Eating behaviors JO - Eat Behav VL - 10 IS - 1 N2 - Beginning in the early 1990s investigations into the body image concerns of men have increased, and this study adds to extant research by examining correlates of more general body dissatisfaction (BD) and symptoms of muscle dysmorphia (MD) in particular. Three hundred four undergraduate men completed a broad-based symptom inventory, a self-concept questionnaire, and an instrument that assessed problematic body image, eating, and exercise patterns as well as specific symptoms of MD. Multiple regression analyses suggest that lower ratings of overall self-concept and higher levels of depression, anxiety, and interpersonal sensitivity are predictive of body image concerns in men. Furthermore, these variables accounted for almost twice the variance in general BD than they did for specific symptoms of MD. In addition, anorexic and bulimic behaviors, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and risk factors for interpersonal problems were also associated with symptoms of MD, even when BD was controlled. SN - 1873-7358 UR - https://safeaccess.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19171324/Men_muscles_and_mood:_the_relationship_between_self_concept_dysphoria_and_body_image_disturbances_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1471-0153(08)00096-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -